List of Abbreviations

5-FU 5-Fluorouracil

ADR Adverse drug reaction

AL Axial length

ALT Argon laser trabeculoplasty

AMD/ARMD Age-related macular degeneration

ASNV Anterior segment neovascularisation

BCVA Best corrected visual acuity

BP Blood pressure

BRVO Branch retinal vein occlusion

c.f. Compared with

CCT Central corneal thickness

CDR Cup-to-disc ratio

CEA Carotid endarterectomy

CI Confidence interval

CL Contact lens

CME/CMO Cystoid macular edema/oedema

CMT Central macular thickness

CNS Central nervous system

CNV Choroidal neovascularisation

CNVM Choroidal neovascular membrane

CRT Central retinal thickness

CRVO Central retinal vein occlusion

CSF Cerebrospinal fluid

CSLO Confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy

CSME/CSMO Clinically significant macular edema/oedema

CT Computerised tomography

CVA Cerebrovascular accident

CWS Cotton wool spots

D Dioptre

DD Disc diameters

DHA Docosahexaenoic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid)

DM Diabetes mellitus

DME/DMO Diabetic macular edema/oedema

DR Diabetic retinopathy

EPA Eicosapentaenoic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid)

ETDRS Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study

F3T Trifluridine

FA/FFA Fundus fluorescein angiogram

Fac Fluocinolone acetonide

FBG Fasting blood glucose

GA Geographic atrophy

GCS Glasgow Coma Scale

HbA1C Haemoglobin A1C

HM Hand movements

HR Hazard ratio

HRVO Hemi-retinal vein occlusion

HSV Herpes simplex keratitis

ICG Indocyanine green

IIH Idiopathic intracranial hypertension

IOL Intraocular lens

IOP Intraocular pressure

IRMA Intra-retinal microvascular abnormality

IVMP Intravenous methylprednisolone

Kmax Maximum keratometry value

LHON Leber’s hereditaty optic neuropathy

logMAR Logarithm of minimum angle of resolution

MD Mean difference

MH Macular hole

MLT Macular laser therapy

MMC Mitomycin C

MRI Magnetic resonance imaging

MS Multiple sclerosis

mtDNA Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid

nAMD Neovascular age-related macular degeneration

NEI-VFQ National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire

NPL No perception of light

NSS Not statistically significant

NTG Normal-tension glaucoma

NV Neovascularisation/new vessels

NVD Neovascularisation/new vessels of the disc

NVE Neovascularisation/new vessels elsewhere

NVI Neovascularisation/new vessels of the iris

OAG, POAG (Primary) open-angle glaucoma

OCT Optical coherence tomography

OHT Ocular hypertension

OR Odds ratio

PCR Polymerase chain reaction

PCV Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

PDT/vPDT (verteporfin) Photodynamic therapy

PFV Persistent fetal vasculature

PL Perception of light

POHS Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome

PRN pro re nata

PRP Pan-retinal photocoagulation

PSD Pattern standard deviation

PVD Posterior vitreous detachment

q4 Four weekly

q8 Eight weekly

RAPD Relative afferent pupillary defect

RCT Randomised controlled trial

RNFL Retinal nerve fibre layer

ROP Retinopathy of prematurity

RPE Retinal pigment epithelium

RR Relative risk

RVO Retinal vein occlusion

SD Standard deviation

SE Spherical equivalent

T1DM Type 1 diabetes mellitus

T2DM Type 2 diabetes mellitus

TIA Transient ischaemic attack

TMVL Transient monocular vision loss

TON Traumatic optic neuropathy

VA Visual acuity

VEGF Vascular endothelial growth factor

VF Visual field

VH Vitreous haemorrhage

VMT Vitreomacular traction